Action 01: Preparatory Actions

Duration: 01/10/2010 – 31/12/2010 (3 months)

Status: Completed

Action 1 consists of the following two activities:

Activity 1(a): Literature review on brine treatment methods, brine minimization techniques and common disposal practices in EU and Internationally. Evaluation of existing methods on brine treatment and disposal practices.

In Activity 1(a), one report was prepared on the examination and evaluation of brine treatment methods, brine minimization techniques and common disposal practices in EU and internationally. The report comprises Deliverable 1.1 of SOL-BRINE project and is structured upon six (6) areas namely: (1) Environmental and chemical aspects of brine discharge, (2) Disposal of brine in inland and coastal locations, (3) Brine treatment options, (4) Unit processes for brine minimization, (5) Evaluation of brine treatment and disposal methods, (6) European and national legislation applicable. The particular report represents a recording analysis of brine disposal practices in inland and coastal locations, brine treatment and minimization techniques that are applied worldwide. Common brine disposal methods and techniques are evaluated with regard to the associated environmental impacts and their operational and economic feasibility. The structure of the sector in Deliverable 1.1 referring to the applicable legal framework has been divided into relevant sub-sectors so as to distinguish and render more convenient for the reader the categorization of applicable laws on national and international level. In light of the fact that no specific legislation exists in respect of brine disposal and/or treatment and/or minimization neither in a European nor in a unified international level the deliverable contains an elaborated description of the most vital EU water management directives, which after all, are applicable, each to a lesser or a greater extent to brine disposal. Furthermore, various national (including non European) jurisdictions have put forward local laws with respect to brine disposal per se. These national laws, even though not many in numbers, have been duly analysed and contemplated in detail. The Deliverable 1.1 includes all necessary respective citations in order to enable any third party to easily trace and locate literature sources as well as legal framework-laws citations.

An extended Greek summary is also provided here.

Activity 1(b): Literature review on the state-of-the-art technologies and on industrially mature practices for seawater desalination driven by renewable energy sources. Critical evaluation of solar systems used in different applications.

In Activity 1(b), one (1) report on the state-of-the-art technologies and on industrially mature practices for seawater desalination driven by renewable energy sources, has been prepared. The report comprises Deliverable 1.2 and is structured upon five (5) sections, namely: (1) Introduction, (2) Desalination technologies, (3) Desalination powered by renewable energy, (4) Solar driven desalination applications: case study examination and (5) Conclusions. In the report an overview description of the different technologies applied in the field of desalination is presented. After having outlined the main technical and operating characteristics of the aforementioned desalination techniques, the possible combinations of these systems with renewable energy are investigated. As the main scope of Deliverable 1.2 was to focus on solar desalination applications, special reference is made in systems using solar energy. It providesa comparative analysis of different solar desalination systems with reference to applications throughout the world, the aim being to point out the advantages and disadvantages of these systems in terms of operating and economical performance.

An extended Greek summary is also provided here.